Techniques Review

Techniques Review Series- Open Guard Fundamentals
By Mauricio "Tinguinha" Mariano

When I decided to create the Open Guard for Beginners DVD, it was not with the intent of doing something just for the beginner BJJ practitioner, it is a good instructional DVD for everybody. I go over key points that can help a lot of higher rank belts as well.
The Open Guard is the area I like the most in Brazilian Jiu-JItsu. In the Open Guard we have many different games, is like going into a subworld inside Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. But before you can specify your game in any of the guards, you need to get the basics right, otherwise you are not going to be able to have a good and decent open guard game. I have seen this happen on many different occasions; people have trouble in the same positions and cannot move forward because they cannot figure out what the missing link is, it is what we call bad habit.
Make sure you get all the fundaments before trying to go deeper in any kind of open guard games.

Control- Is the first step to play guard, knowing where to place your arms and legs and why to do so. To have a good control you need to learn how to use your hips correctly.

Guard replacement- Everybody that has a good guard, automatically have a good guard replacement, it is a very important element especially when you want to start attacking from the bottom, because you will also start opening more space for attackers. It doesn’t matter how good your guard is there will always be somebody ready to put your defense to test. That’s why it is extremely important to have a solid foundation. For you to have a complete open guard game you have to have your attack and defense equally strong.

Open Guard Fundaments- Key Points

• Control (arms and legs)

• Guard Replacement

• Hip Movements


The Power of the Technique:Less Strength, More Efficiency.

More info about The Open Guard Fundamentals DVD:

Mauricio “Tinguinha” Mariano, a 3rd degree black belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu known worldwide for his dynamic open guard skills, brings you his latest BJJ instructional DVD -- OPEN GUARD FOR BEGINNERS.
After his successful Open Guard Series, Tinguinha now brings the martial arts world this amazing instructional DVD for beginning practitioners who are looking to learn this important area of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, the open guard. Learn all the essentials in this informative and effective DVD.

A Fightlife Production.
Region: All
Format: NTSC DVD
Language: English
Running Time: Approx. 1 hr. 43 mins.

For more on the Open Guard for Beginners DVD

  • Open Guard Passing- Counter

Jeff has both his arms under my legs controlling my belt

Continuing the pass, Jeff brings his right hand onto my collar and start applying the pressure to pass my open guard. Then I start to use my left hand on Jeff's hips and his right hand on Jeff's shoulder to stop Jeff's pressure.

With the same hand's control, blocking, I start posting my right foot on the mat and shifting my hips to the right

Continuing the motion, I slide my left knee across Jeff's chest to create the space

Continuing the motion, I throw my right leg around Jeff's neck and use my right hand to control Jeff's sleeve, completely preventing Jeff from passing my guard from the right side

I start to attack and then I bring my right leg over Jeff's left shoulder with my hips up

Continuing the motion I start moving my head to the right and posting my left foot on Jeff's hips, shifting my hips to the left

After completely moving my hips to my left side I use my left hand to control my shin and break Jeff's posture

After breaking Jeff's posture I lock the triangle choke and use both my hands to hold Jeff's head, starting to bring my hips up to finish the triangle choke
  • Be Careful Choke Set Up From The Open Guard

Starting from the basic open guard with the collar and sleeve control

From the open guard I let go off my right hand, posting it on the mat and start to sit up, scooping my hips back

After sitting up completely I start to use my left hand to bring Jeff's head down and break his posture, controlling his collar. I start then pulling my left hand, holding his collar towards myself. Jeff then posts his left foot on the mat to maintain his posture

As soon as Jeff posts his left foot on the mat, I use my right hand to control his ankle, with the intention of making him off balance

As soon as Jeff feels that his base is off balance, he will move his leg away to avoid my control of his ankle

After I distract him with his leg, his posture starts to be weaker from moving his legs back. I take advantage and move my right hand behind his head and starts pulling his head towards my chest still with my left hand on his collar

After I break his posture I start pointing my left elbow up toward the ceiling and still with my left hand on his collar
Keeping my left foot tight on Jeff's leg. I start bringing my right shoulder on the mat and start sliding my right hand behind Jeff's head

Continuing the motion I start bringing my right arm all the way inside, between my elbow and Jeff's head. Finishing with the becareful choke



Techniques Review Series- Back Attacks
By Mauricio "Tinguinha" Mariano

In all my DVDs except Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu for all martial artist, I teach an specific Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu game covering an specific BJJ area. I only did this DVD covering this area of the Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu art because it is definitely an area I liked and It is very comfortable for my style of game. I think the back is the only place where you can attack and your opponent cannot use his power or size to escape. Independently of how fast or strong you are, if you have somebody on your back you need to have really good escapes and blocks in order of not getting chocked. That is one of the reasons why the back is one of the main positions in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. If somebody turns the back to you, it's like they are giving you a present, but you need to know how to take advantage of this position. I had two great partners back in the day in Brazil at The Carlos Gracie Jr. school, Alexandre "Soca" and Helio "Soneca" from whom I learned a lot how they took advantage of this position, even if you turned your back just a little, the fight was over, those two guys were the main reason that made me realize the importance of the position. Today I have pretty solid attacks, I feel comfortable to get the back and attack. It is one safe place to stay in training. A lot of people give up too easy on attacking the back and everytime I see this, it drives me crazy since it is a great position for finishing, that is the reason why I decided to create the Extreme Back Attacks DVD, it is a DVD only covering this specific area the Back and I only teach the attacks. The DVD is divided in 2 parts.
Part I- Taking the back from many positions from Top and Bottom, I also teach not only to take the back when your opponent turns but also how to force them to turn their back. There are some details I acquired after many years of training.
Part II- The Submissions from the back. In this section I go over a sequence of chokes from the back position that varies from how your opponent reacts, showing transitions from one finish to the next flowing so you do not have to spend your energy when you attack, I like to say is your opponent who will choose how you are going to tap him. You won't need to force anything he/she is going to give you the option.

Below I am pointing out a few key elements to be successful on using this aspect of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Back Attacks Key Points:
•Correct Grips

•Control- Before you think about any submission, you need to have a good position set. This works the same way for the back. Before you go for the choke you must have a good control which means hooks inside and your chest has to be tight on your opponent's back. You pretty much will turn into a backpack in your opponent's back.

•Patience- After you have total control of your opponent's back there is no need to rush to finish the fight. That is what I see a lot of times, The person has a great position there should be nothing their opponent could do against them but because there is a lack of patience people loose great positions. And should basically be having the patience and taking the time to work their way onto the submissions.

•Flow- A lot of times when you are on somebody's back you need to have a good attack with both sides that's where you need to know how to flow your attacks transitions with both arms. Sometimes it makes them turn to one side or another and it makes your opponent confused on which side the choke will come from. I use this transition a lot and it helps me a lot to be successful on my way to submissions by chokes.

•Correct Grips- It is common for people to be choking or better yet attempting to choke with the wrong grip, not deep enough, or attempt to choke the opponent's nose, forehead… When obviously they do not have their hands or arms around the opponent's neck. If you don't have the position, don't force it. You will only going to burn your grips and spend a lot of energy for something that is simply not there. If you have the patience and try to re-position your grip, once your hand is where it's supposed to be it's the green light to turn the lights off for your opponent. But if you don't have the correct placement of your grip, don't force it.

I hope that after reading this you will give a bigger importance to this position and that it helps to shed a little light on this area of your game.

You can check below few pictures and a video demonstrating techniques from The Extreme Back Attack DVD- Pictures feature myself and TBJJ student Jeff Nolasco.

The Power of the Technique:Less Strength, More Efficiency.

For more info about the DVD… Extreme Back Attacks DVD  

To read the DVD's review...


Technique 1- The first technique I will show is a nice way to go from the closed guard from the bottom to the back. I teach this technique in the first part of the Extreme Back Attacks DVD- Taking the back. It is an intermediate technique and it requires good hip movement and coordination, it is a technique you can also use in the NoGi and MMA game, with a couple of changes. BJ Penn used this technique against Matt Hughes in the UFC and a couple of other fighters used it as well in MMA matches.


From the closed guard, I start working to break Jeff's grip. My left hand is going to control Jeff's right sleeve and my right arm is going to go underneath Jeff's right hand and control my own wrist.

Continuing the motion I am going to position my body to the left pulling my arm torwards the ceilling.

After I break Jeff's collar grip. I am going to let go of my right hand from my left wrist and I will start sitting up and bringing my right arm under Jeff's right arm.

Continuing the motion I will control Jeff's belt with my right hand and will pressure using my right elbow to keep Jeff's posture down.

Continuing the motion I will start shifting my hips to the left side turning to Jeff's back.

Following that I will let go of Jeff's belt and post my right hand on the mat and at the same time I will start putting my right hook inside to go to Jeff's back.

After that I will start bringing my left leg inside to put the other hook inside to go to Jeff's back.

After I secure the back with both hooks inside from the turtle. I will bring both my arms under Jeff's arms, controlling the wrists. Stretching my legs back and putting my weight forward to secure a very good control of Jeff's back.


Technique 2- This technique is also featured in the first part of the Extreme Back Attacks DVD (taking the back). It is going to the back (turtle) passing from the sitting up guard on top. It's a technique that requires agility and speed and it needs the right timing to work.


I start from the top inside Jeff's butterfly guard.

Jeff starts stretching his legs and start posting his left elbow to sit up.

As soon as Jeff sits up I bring my head up and use my right hand to control his knee and my left hand go behind his back.

Continuing the motion I get up with my head up with the same control to avoid Jeff's leg getting close to me.


In a quick move at the same time I move my left hand on the mat between his legs and my right hand on top of his shoulder.

In a quick but light way I start a cartwheel with the weight posted on my right hand, placed on the mat.

As soon as I start landing on the other side, Jeff starts going to his knees.

Immediately I bring my chest to his back and sprawl my legs back. Controlling the turtle position.


Technique 3- This technique is from Part 2 of the Extreme Back Attacks DVD (chokes from the Back). It is an intermediate technique, it is a collar choke using the knee to make the pressure of the choke stronger. I teach this technique as an alternative for after the opponent try to block the regular collar choke, blocking your elbow.


Starting from Jeff's back with my right arm over Jeff's shoulders, controlling his collar and with my left hand under his arm, controlling his opposite collar. And Jeff is trying to stop the pressure of my choke by controlling my elbow and my sleeve.

As soon as I realize he is blocking my elbow I let go of my left hand from his collar and turn my body to my left reaching  for his left leg.

After I control his leg, I start posting my right foot on the mat and start moving my hip out.

After creating space with my hip movement I start bending my right leg and bringing my knee behind his head under my right arm.

Following up, as soon as my knee gets behind his head I will start stretching my body to increase the choke's pressure on his neck.


Technique 4- This technique is also from the 2nd part of The Extreme Back Attack DVD (chokes from the back) but in this technique I teach a transition from the back to the arm. It is an advanced technique that can be used in the Gi and NoGi game. It is a nice way to transition to the arm when your opponent try to choke you from the back, a lot of wrestlers are good using this escape. It is an excellent way to surprise them.


I start from the back position with my hooks inside. Jeff then starts blocking my attacks and start bringing his elbows on the mat and his hips up.

In a quick transition Jeff will bring his hands on the mat and will start bringing his hips up.

Continuing the motion he brings his hips on the mat and open his legs wide, leaning forward.

As soon as I feel that I am going to loose my control by sliding on top of his head I will post my right hand on the mat and bring my left arm around his arm, controlling my own collar.

Continuing the motion, I will hook his leg with my right arm and start bringing my left leg torwards his head.

In a continuous motion I will duck my head inside torwards his stomach.

Following that, after completing my roll, I will use my right arm to rock his balance and my right leg to sweep.

As soon as Jeff lands on his back I will bring my left leg on top of his head and apply the armbar.


Extreme Back Attacks Video: